Treatment for Allergy

Allergy is commonly associated with one’s sensitivity or low level of intolerance to certain materials– may it be food, grass or pollen, drinks or anything that can cause the scratching, sneezing, hard breathing and the like. Allergies may attack different parts of the body. Mainstream knowledge perceives allergy as merely a skin problem whereas the fact is, it ranges from those of the eyes, skin, nose, and even by the inflammation of the lungs.

What then are allergies? The term allergy is used to describe a response, within the body, to a substance, which is not necessarily harmful in itself, but results in an immune response and a reaction that causes symptoms and disease in a predisposed person, which in turn can cause inconvenience, or a great deal of misery.It is an overeaction of the immune system.

Those who have allergies in reality have a hyper-alert immune system that overreacts to a substance. Getting exposed to allergens is the time, one gets vulnerable resulting to undesirable reactions in the body seen overtly through one’s physical appearance.

In the US, allergies are the most usual problem affecting about 2 out of 10 Americans.

What happens when allergic reactions kick in?

So what really happens to a person when allergens find their way into the body. First, the body produces an antibody which is called IgE to combat the allergen. The antibodies attach to a form of blood cell called a mast cell. Mast cells are plentiful in the airways and in the GI tract where allergens tend to enter the body. Afterwards, the mast cells explode liberating a variety of chemicals including histamine, which causes most of the symptoms of an allergy, including itchiness or runny nose.

You can determine right away if you are allergic to something or if the body is reacting to something that you have taken, inhaled or have been exposed to. Symptoms can be categorized into three. These are mild, moderate or severe.

Allergy is mild when the symptoms include body rash, itchiness, watery eyes, and some congestions. When we talk about mild allergy, it does not spread to the whole body rather, it is isolated to one part as possible.

A moderate one, however, disperses all over the body coupled with itchiness and breathing difficulty whereas severe reactions, also known as anaphylaxis, though rare, is life threatening. Of all the allergic reactions this could result to death.

The reaction to the allergens are unbearable and so intense that the whole body is affected. It may begin with the sudden onset of itching of the eyes or face and progress within minutes to more serious symptoms, including abdominal pain, cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea, as well as varying degrees of swellings that can make breathing and swallowing difficult. Mental confusion or dizziness may also be symptoms, since anaphylaxis causes a quick drop in blood pressure.

Not all people are susceptible to allergies. Most of the time, people who suffer from allergies are inherited. It is passed on genetically to the children through their parents. It is however, inherent for people to have a disposition of being allergic. If one of the parents is allergic, most probably, there is a 50% possibility that the child will get it.

Treatment Options

Medications are available for the treatment of allergy symptoms. Two types of medication is by using  antihistamine or decongestants. Truth is, the topper for treat allergic reaction is by staying away from allergens. But let’s face it, this sometimes is impossible. Thus, you have the alternative to choose from the two type of medication mentioned above.

Basically, taking antihisthamines will counteract allergic reactions by blocking the action of histamines. Most antihistamines are bought over the counter so in case allergic reactions resurge, you can run to the drug store and purchase one. It is advisable still that you consult your doctor before taking in any kind of antihistamine.

The other option is to take decongestants. When allergens attack, anticipate the swelling of the lining of your nose, lungs, and ears leaving you stuffed and dead miserable. Decongestants work on to open up nasal passages and reduces the swelling that causes nasal congestion.

Decongestants may be taken alone or with antihistamines. Unlike antihistamines, decongestants can be taken just when you have symptoms. Regular daily use may not be necessary.

Neither way, both type of medications are reliable in soothing down those allergies.