Preparing for Flu Season

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC, about 5 to 20 percent of Americans get the flu during the flu season. The most vulnerable to flu are children and more or less they are the common transmitters of this particular disease. In united States alone, approximately about 200,000 people are brought to the hospital while 36,000 actually die from it.

What is influenza?

Influenza has been around even Greeks keep a record of its existence. Pandemics has been documented about this disease infecting and killing people. Influenza or flu is a respiratory infection displaying symptoms such as fever, chilling, sore throats, coughing, headache, fatigue, and even weakness.

Flu outbreaks usually rise during late fall and winter. The disease can actually spread through out the community to the point of epidemic. It should be noted however, flus differ from colds such that individuals with colds rarely experience fevers and headaches or say even suffer from profound exhaustion. Considering a person has a flu, one usually feel tiredness as if the whole body is pulled down by gravity twice.

There are respective types of viruses which causes influenza. The viruses are circulated and spread from one to another through airborne droplets much like that with cold transmission released through coughing and sneezing. Supposing one has influenza, it is recommended for one to have bed rest together with stringent intake of fluids and antiviral drugs as prescribed by the physician.

Types of influenza virus

Three types of Influenza virus have been named, These are Influenzavirus A, influenzavirus B and Influenzavirus C. Among these three, it is the Influenzavirus B that affect humans. However, both A and C can affect humans and animals with A being the most deadly. Influenzavirus A in reality have cause pandemic deaths recorded as the Spanish Flu, Asian Flu, and Hong Kong Flu.

Risk factors of influenza

Influenza can cause death among humans as compared to colds. Vaccinations, nevertheless, are available to avoid flu and are very much recommended for high-risk groups. High-risk groups are identified as children and elders. Since, vaccinations are only for preventive measures, some still are not immune to the disease.

There are cases where in a person is vaccinated and yet he or she still gets the flu. This is so, because flu viruses mutate to another thread. Hence, vaccinations against flu rarely last years. Every year, the World Health Organization foretells which strains are likely to evolve. This keen observations assist pharmaceutical companies to produce another type of vaccinations that would best immune a person from it.

Nobody seems to be able to avoid influenza for even the most healthy people are infected especially when the flu season is up the chart. According to the World Health Organization: "Every winter, tens of millions of people get the flu. Most are home, sick and miserable, for about a week. Some-mostly the elderly-die. We know the world-wide death toll exceeds a few hundred thousand people a year, but even in developed countries the numbers are uncertain, because medical authorities don’t usually verify who actually died of influenza and who died of a flu-like illness."

The alarming part about influenza is it can result to chronic health problems. Influenza can cause people with emphysema, chronic bronchitis or even asthma may go through heaving caused by shortness in breathing. Moreover, flu can even worsen coronary heart disease or congestive heart disease.

What are the treatments

In case you already have the influenza, do not fret since there are available treatments for it. The most practical way to battle, as mentioned earlier is having plenty or rest and drinking a lot of fluid. In addition, avoid drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes.

If possible try taking paracetamol to the alleviate the fever and muscle aches associated with influenza. Such in the case of cold, antibiotics will not do you any good since antibiotics are taken to fight certain bacteria in the body and not viruses.