Understanding Common Cold Symptoms

There is just time of the year when you have to take that leave or be absent in class because of sneezing, runny nose, and scratchy sore throat. How that feeling gets to our nerves as we waste tons of tissue to wipe out the mucus from our nose.

What is cold?

Colds are the most common illness known. Ask everyone, they will account for it. Though common cold is mild, lasting from 1-2 weeks, it is considered to be the primary cause why doctors are frequented. As reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 22 million school days are lost every year in United States alone due to common cold.

The changing seasons is one of the major source increasing the prevalence of colds. Low humidity foster the survival of cold-causing viruses most particularly during the cold seasons. When the time of the year is cold expect your body to be catering colds since the inside lining of the nose is drier thus making it more vulnerable to viral infection.

Common cold in layman’s term is what medical professionals refer to as acute viral nasopharyngitis. It is a mild viral infection disease targeting the upper respiratory system specifically the nose and the throat. You as well know that the symptoms of common colds include sniffling, sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throats and tiredness.

Take note though that common cold is unlike influenza. Influenza on the other hand is a more severe viral infection of the respiratory tract. Though common, it is not life threatening but once complications arise due to neglect, it may lead to pneumonia which can be.

What causes common cold?

About 200 different viruses are noted to cause the indications of the common cold. These viruses are transmitted from one person to another when exposed from coughs and sneezes.

In the case the droplet nuclei is inhaled directly by the individual, and is introduced to the nasal passages or say the hands carrying these droplet nuclei can lead to a acquired colds. Through sneezing and coughs, expect the virus to house one individual to the other. This the means by which one transmit colds to others.

The usual virus infecting people with colds is the rhinovirus causing an average of 30 to 35 percent of all adult colds. In the States, it is most progressive during, fall, spring, and summer. On the other hand coronaviruses causes the most ample percentage of adult colds. These viruses billow during the winter season and early spring.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for common colds, only ways to relieve us of the symptoms. During your dance with colds, try getting some bed rest, drink plenty of fluids, use lozenges to relieve sore throat or gargle with water with diluted salt, apply petroleum jelly for your nose or you take some aspirin.

There are also over the counter cold medicines. These nonprescription cold remedies will relieve you of some of your cold symptoms but do not look forward for decongestants and cough suppressants to shorten the length of your cold. Some other notes on over the counter drug: they commonly have side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, insomnia even to the point of upsetting your stomach. Hence, be careful in taking these drugs.

How to treat cold?

Some individuals find relief on over the counter antihistamines to alleviate them from symptoms of colds such as runny nose and watery eyes. Antibiotics, on the other hand, should not be taken to treat colds because it does not kill viruses. It is only when, you are infected with rare bacteria should you resort to antibiotics.

You can prevent yourself from getting colds by simply keeping yourself away from those with colds. As discussed earlier, droplets of nuclei from coughs and sneezes when in contact with your nose or eyes will give you the colds. Wash your hands as often as you could especially when you are exposed to people with colds.