Diabetes Raises The Risk of Pregnancy Complications

Gestational diabetes is a disorder wherein the high levels of sugar that are present in a mother are not utilized properly. This happens because the body becomes incapable of producing enough insulin in the body or it might be because the body does not do a very good job of utilizing the insulin.

For mothers and fetuses, this type of disorder is a very serious condition. It is one of the worse conditions that a childbearing mother may have simply because it leads to several complications that could affect either the mother or the infant in the future.

Even though there are advances in the field of medical care for would-be mothers with diabetes, those who have poorly controlled their diabetes during their childbearing times, it could lead to a lot of complications. Some of these complications are listed below to help would-be mothers to take this particular disease seriously for their sake and for their infant’s.


Complications for the mother:

Hypertension – one of the complications that having high blood glucose levels can do to a mother is that it will eventually cause high blood pressure for the mother. Of course this type of condition is not ideal for any woman who is giving birth simply because high blood pressure will result into the mother losing a lot of blood during childbirth.

Preeclampsia – this is a condition that happens late in pregnancy wherein there is a spike in the blood pressure of the person which is marked by swelling of the ankles because of the fluid retention that happens. It also has other symptoms which include the appearance of protein or albumin in the urine. This condition is also associated with a reduction of blood flow to the placenta which essentially endangers the fetus, putting it at the risk of death or stillbirth.

Because of preeclampsia, the mother might also be exposed to other dangerous complications which will come from the high blood pressure. Kidney failure, convulsions, liver failure and ultimately death await those who are suffering from this condition. The treatment for this type of condition is to administer drugs to the patient while delivering the baby.


Complications for the baby:

Macrosomia – this type of complication is characterized by the enlargement of the baby’s overall girth and breadth which is because of the deposits of fat that are situated in the shoulders and the trunk of the baby. This will naturally make the baby harder to deliver vaginally.

Hypoglycemia – before the baby is born, the fetus is used to producing significantly high levels of insulin in order to combat the exorbitantly high blood glucose level that is brought about by the diabetes in the mother. After the infant is born, the high insulin levels that the infant currently has will eventually cause his own blood sugars to drop to dangerously low levels.

Apart from this particular condition, the baby may also suffer from tolerable and reparable conditions such as jaundice, low calcium and magnesium levels and childhood obesity.