Introduction to Diabetes

Countless individuals are currently affected by this dreaded disease and all of the complications are sometimes too overwhelming to mention all at once. Diabetes has plagued the people of the world since people have discovered the presence of sugar in urine.

Today, it is a widespread illness that will either maim or kill a person should it decide to do so. So what does one need to know about this dreaded disease? If you only have a vague idea of what diabetes is and how it affects people, read on and find out.

The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse(NDIC) writes "that Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life."

How do people get Diabetes? NIDC adds "that there are two main types of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus used to be called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, or juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus, because it usually begins in childhood or adolescence."

Elevated blood glucose levels are related to the early symptoms of untreated diabetes mellitus. Excess glucose in the blood ultimately results in high levels of glucose being present in the urine (glucosuria). This increases the urine output, which leads to dehydration and increased thirst".

How long does Diabetes last? It is revealed that Diabetes Mellitus is a life-long, chronic condition. Type 1 diabetes usually begins in childhood or adolescence. Many experts also say that diabetes does not seem to be inherited in a simple pattern. Yet clearly, some people are born more likely to get diabetes than others.

It is even known recently that stress can trigger Type II diabetes when there is a genetic tendency to this disease. Editors Goleman & Gurin mention in their book, Mind Body Medicine, that some evidence gathered from Duke University reveal that different levels of stress in different laboratory situations can lead to the development of this disease.

The treatment is focused at controlling the elevated blood glucose without causing an abnormally low glucose level (hypoglycemia). What is essential, though, is to start or plan a good diet, that is, low fat, low salt and sugar and high fiber. People with diabetes need to monitor their blood glucose levels.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is treated with insulin, exercise, and a healthy diet. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is primarily treated with weight reduction, a healthy diet and regular exercise." Blood pressure must also be regulated or controlled since diabetics are prone to serious cardiovascular diseases. There is no proven cure yet for this illness but it can be controlled successfully if a treatment plan is followed.

The disease is out there and it will continue to be as long as a cure or a vaccine will be present. In the meantime, it would be best that a person would have himself checked for any indications of the disease and watch their diet in order to be exempted from being a statistic.