How to Prevent Hepatitis A

Hepatitis a is not only a problem in less developed areas in the world. It has also become quite a problem in some developed countries such as the US, Canada, Europe and Japan.

The virus may be lurking anywhere in the world, more prevalent in areas with poor sanitation especially when it comes to eating habits.

Hepatitis A usually can be transmitted through unsanitary food from food handlers who might already have the disease.

Travelers have the most risk of contracting Hepatitis A. Going to areas where the traveler can have himself exposed to the disease should be able to know how to arm himself.

How to prevent hepatitis A?

One of the best ways to do it is by having himself vaccinated before the actual travel. Frequent travelers should try to receive the Hepatitis A vaccine or an injection of immune globulin.

Vaccine of hepatitis A

The Hepatitis A vaccine can help protect an individual against the disease. It is considered to protect 95 percent of individuals receiving the vaccine and can provide that protection for a period of ten years.

The vaccine contains an inactivated Hepatitis A virus that helps the body build up immunity against the disease. The vaccine is given as a single dose usually given two weeks after departure.

The vaccine may still offer protection if given just prior to departure. The vaccine is usually followed by a booster dose after six to twelve months to provide the protection lasting ten years.

Vaccine of immune globulin

Another way of preventing one from contracting Hepatitis A is by receiving immune globulin instead of the Hepatitis A vaccine.

Immune globulin injections are usually given to individuals in an attempt to boost one’s immunity to a certain disease like Hepatitis A. the immune globulin is not considered a vaccine and its effectiveness usually declines with time.

For the best results, the immune globulin should be given three to five days prior to departure. The protection can usually last from three to five months and may offer minimal side effects such as soreness at the injection area.

And since immune globulin has been known not to transmit the disease, it is considered safe for use even by pregnant women. But since it only provides protection for a shorter period of time, it has largely been replaced by the Hepatitis A vaccine.

Sanitary practices

Other ways of avoiding the disease include staying away from eating in places with questionable sanitary practices. This applies to food stalls and dingy restaurants and eateries that most travelers may encounter in other countries.

It is better to stay clear of such areas, although they can sometimes be quite an interesting place to try out. It is always better to be safe than to be sorry. Taking care of your health while on the trip may ensure that you can make another one in the future.