How to Prevent Infectious Diseases

With the increasing cases of infectious diseases, we should prepare ourselves for you and your family to prevent sickness. Here are some ways to decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others.

Wash you hands often – Millions of harmful microorganisms can be carried by your hands and you can get infected by either putting it in your mouth or eyes as well as infecting others by person-to-person contact. To remove these bacteria, remember to wash your hands, especially before and after preparing food, before eating, and after using the toilet.

Get vaccinated – Having an immunization can drastically reduce your chances of contracting certain diseases. Some vaccinations are done once-in-a-lifetime (like for polio), while other needs to be updated periodically (like for colds). Make sure to keep your recommended vaccinations, as well as your children’s, up-to-date.

Use antibiotics sensibly – Do not overdose with antibiotics. Only take them as prescribed and only when necessary. Also, don’t stop taking your antibiotics right after your symptoms have gone away as it would only make your sickness worse.

Stay at home if you have symptoms – If you feel symptoms of infectious diseases, such as coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, or fever, do not go outside or to work in order to prevent other people from being infected. Also, don’t send your child to school if he or she has these symptoms either. Make sure to consult your doctor in such cases.

Prepare your food well – Be smart about food preparation by keeping counters and other kitchen surfaces clean when preparing meals. Don’t forget to wash your fruits and vegetables well before cooking. Also, refrigerate leftovers as soon as possible and don’t let cooked foods remain at room temperature for a long time.

Clean your house – You home can harbor millions of germs that you can’t see even when it "looks" clean. Places like the kitchen and bathroom have high concentrations of bacteria and other infectious agents.

Practice safe sex – Harmful diseases can also be transmitted through unprotected sex. Use condoms when having sex, even if you and your partner do not have a history of sexually-transmitted disease or high-risk behavior. Or better yet, abstain from sex until marriage.

Avoid sharing your personal items – Certain items should not be shared such as your own toothbrush, comb, razor blade, towels, drinking glasses, and dining utensils. These can be home to various germs.

Travel smart – Do not fly when you are ill to avoid contaminating other passengers on the plane. Besides, your trip won’t be comfortable either. However, if you doo need to go somewhere else, consult your doctor about any special immunizations you may need.

Keep your pets healthy – Have your pets regularly immunized. Also, keep your pet’s living area clean.