Contraception Questions

What are the different options for contraception?

All birth control methods are effective but only if used consistently and properly. Listed below are methods which are available and accessible:

Barrier methods

Male Condoms: a latex sheath that fits over an erect penis to prevent sperm from entering into a woman’s body

Female Condoms: a thin polyurethane sheath with a soft ring at each end. One ring fits over the cervix while the other stays outside of the vagina covering part of the perineum and labia during intercourse.

Diaphragm: a shallow, dome-shaped, soft rubber cup, placed with spermicide that fits in the vagina to cover the cervix.

Cervical cap: a rubber or silicone cap shaped like a thimble that fits over the cervix and held in place by suction. Used with spermicide.

Sponge: a small, disposable plastic (polyurethane) foam device that measures approximately five centimeters in diameter.

Spermicides: A spermicide destroys or disables sperm so that it cannot fertilize an egg to cause pregnancy.

Hormonal methods

Pill: stops the ovaries from releasing eggs, preventing ovulation.

Depo-Provera shot: an injection of the progestin hormone that prevents pregnancy for three months.

Contraceptive patch: a square band-aid and applied to the abdomen, buttocks, upper arm, or upper torso. It has the same hormones as the Pill and therefore works the same way

Vaginal ring: a thin, transparent, flexible ring that you insert into the vagina. It is left in place for three weeks and then removed for one week. It provides one month of birth control.

Emergency contraception pill or morning after pill: gives the body a short high burst of synthetic hormones that disrupt hormone patterns needed for pregnancy.

Is all contraception 100% "safe"?

A contraception may be considered safe according to its effectively in preventing pregnancy. Pills and condoms have 99% and 97% effectively, respectively. These figures are based on correct use of the contraceptive – In the case of the pill this means taking them exactly as instructed. With condoms it means putting them on and using them correctly. As condoms can be easily misused they are often only around 65% effective so it is important to be careful when using them.

Safe can also be defined in relation to protection against sexually transmitted infections. The only form of contraception that does this is the condom.

Is there a right age for taking pills?

A doctor usually prescribe the pill according to his/her prerogative, regardless of the patient’s age. If he thinks that the person is at risk of pregnancy, he/she would probably prescribe it. With very young girls the doctor has to be sure that the person understands the need for contraception and what it does before he/she will prescribe it.

If a woman is on birth control, should a man still wear a condom during intercourse?

The combination of contraception’s can provide additional protection against pregnancy as it ensure protection if one method fails. In addition, the pill doesn’t give protection against Sexually Transmitted Diseases, so its important to consider using a condom.

Does the pill still work if the user is sick?

Those who suffer vomiting or diarrhea may reduce the protection that is offered by the pills. If this happens, one should use an additional for contraception. The condom is the most ideal choice.

Can a woman get pregnant while menstruating or even if she is on the pill?

During the days of the menstrual period, pregnancy is less likely to occur. It is even less likely if a woman is on the pill. Ovulation does not occur in most women who are on the pill.

Is a woman less likely to get pregnant if she and her partner have sex standing up?

This is a myth. Unprotected sex are just as likely to pregnant standing up as in any other position.

What to do if the condom burst?

Although this is a case that happens very rare, it is important to note and consider post-coital contraception. One way of avoiding an unwanted pregnancy is to take a morning-after pill. It must be taken within 72 hours of the condom splitting. The other way is the insertion of copper coil, which prevents the fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus, by a doctor.

Is it true that one can’t get pregnant on the first sex?

One can definitely can get pregnant for the first time and any other time that you have unprotected sex.