What is a Benign Breast Lump?

You take your usual self breast examination and you feel a lump in one-or both-of them. At first, you may panic thinking that it could be cancer. Fortunately, most lumps in the breasts are non-cancerous. However, it could cause little discomfort and require minimal treatment.

Here are what you need to know about those breast lumps.

All women have lumpy breasts

These lumps, or nodules, are part of a normal breast tissue and can become more prominent just before menstrual period.

Having a lumpy breast is used to be classified as a disease called "fibrocystic disease" or fibroadenosis. Doctors have found out that it is not a disease, and are actually normal.

Causes of breast lumps

There are two common causes of having breast lumps: fibroadenomas and cysts. The former are not strictly speaking disease at all, but rather a simple overgrowth of the lobules. They are more common among women in their 30s. Meanwhile, cysts are smooth, mobile, and sometimes painful lumps and some are large enough to be seen through the skin. These are common in women between the ages of 40 and 50.

How fibroadenomas is diagnosed and treated?

These move freely within the breast and can be diagnosed through a combined clinical examination, ultrasound, and removing cells using a needle.

Fibroadenomas may not need to be removed as it can decrease in size within two years if left alone. However, you can opt to have it removed if these lumps get bigger.

How cysts is diagnosed and treated?

The breast goes through different stages during its development. As you reach the age of 40, the lobules in your breast tissue can become abnormal and enlarge, forming cysts.

These can be diagnosed using an ultrasound or by inserting a needle into the lump and drain the fluid (which is also used for treating cysts). The fluid extracted from cysts varies in color ranging from yellow to green to blue-black. If the fluid is stained with blood, it is sent for further testing.

What should I do if I find a lump?

What is important is that if you have found a lump in your breast, consult your doctor and have them diagnosed. Whether these lumps are cancerous or not, you’d be glad that you have treated them as soon as possible.