Symptoms of Heart Attack

Heart attacks may come at any time, without a person even suspecting it. There are instances that it may affect even young adults aside from the elderly. But it is also important to know that heart attacks come with a warning. There are certain warning signs that come and might be felt by a person before an impending heart attack. That is why it is important for people to know what these are in order for people to determine when a heart attack comes and seek prompt medical attention.

Symptoms of heart attack

The most common warning sign of a heart attack is chest pain. The chest pain may be felt by people because it is a sign of a worsening atherosclerosis as it narrows the coronary arteries and limits the normal flow of blood. This sign may gradually worsen over a period of time and it can be the earliest warning sign that a person can get of an impending heart attack.

There are also some people who might experience a heart attack without showing any lingering symptoms beforehand. Such heart attacks happen as a plaque in the arteries suddenly ruptures and cause a blockage on the coronary arteries. But such instances also come with warning sign that will pave the way for the coming of a heart attack.

Signs of a sudden blockage of plaque on a coronary artery include a sudden sharp pain felt behind the breast bone and on the left hand side of the chest. The pain may usually radiate towards the left arm. Gradually, the pain may also spread to the hands, jaw, ear, stomach and even the right arm. An incoming heart attack can also make a person feel a constricting sensation in and around the throat. This may lead to breathing difficulties that may further lead to severe dizziness and sudden fainting.

When you begin to feel these warning signals, it would be a good decision to alert people in your vicinity of what you are suspecting and call for medical aid immediately. You may also do this yourself if you think that you are still capable on calling for some medical assistance. When a medical team has been alerted, make sure that you stay calm and remain relaxed if possible. Try not to exert any effort since it might worsen the heart attack. If you have some heart attack medication with you, it would be best to take them.

Treatment for heart attack

Treatment for a heart attack is usually varied. There are over the counter drugs that may be used to help lessen the effects of a heart attack and there are also other prescription drugs used to treat serious cases.

Aspirin is one of the most common medications prescribed for people with an increased risk of heart attacks. Its blood thinning properties can help prevent the occurrence of cardiac events. Aspirin is a medication that is usually taken for life especially for those who are at most risk of heart attacks.

Another type of medication used to treat heart attacks are the beta blockers. This type of medication blocks the action of adrenaline hormones in the heart and lowers the blood pressure as it helps make the heart beat slowly to reduce its workload.

Nitrates can also be used to treat heart attacks. It works by expanding the arteries and may be prescribed for instances of chest pains. Other medications include calcium channel blockers, Ace inhibitors, diuretics, and cholesterol reducing medicine.