Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels

Diabetes is a disease where a person does not produce or does not process insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone needed by the body to convert sugar into energy. Although the primary cause of diabetes has remained a mystery to medical experts, several factors , such as obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, have already been known to play a big role on its development.

The problem with having diabetes is that people have to live with having a body metabolism that seems to be in disarray. The inability to produce enough insulin or how to properly process it can lead to two things- either diabetics find themselves having high blood sugar or low blood sugar levels most of the time. And the problem with having to deal with a yo-yoing blood sugar level is the symptoms that come with them that may interfere with living a more normal life.

Keeping blood sugar levels in control is one of the challenges faced by diabetics. Finding themselves having too high or too low blood sugar levels may bring about different symptoms. Diabetics should try to learn more about these symptoms so that they may be able to determine if they find themselves in such a condition and act on them as early as possible.

High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)

One of the usual problems of diabetes is having a high blood sugar level. For diabetics, this could happen in a number of ways. Having high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) can occur when the glucose level in the bloodstream rises above the normal levels. This can happen when diabetics eat too many calories that they can burn, miss taking their medicines, or having an infection or illness. Usually high blood sugar levels will rise on for weeks if nothing is done to lower it.

When one experiences high blood sugar levels, one of the first symptoms would be increased thirst and urination. One may also tend to feel warmer than usual as well as have dry skin. High blood sugar levels would also bring about a rapid heart rate with a weak pulse. Severe high blood sugar levels will bring about symptoms of drowsiness or difficulty waking up in the mornings. Increased weakness may be felt that may lead to loss of consciousness for the most severe cases.

Low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia)

Low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) may also be experienced at times by diabetics. This occurs when the blood sugar level falls way below the normal levels. This can usually occur to diabetics when they are not eating enough food or skipping meals, taking too much of their medicines as prescribed or when they have too much exercise. When the blood sugar level drops to below 70 milligrams per deciliter, people will begin to show some of the symptoms of low blood sugar.

Some of the symptoms associated with low blood sugar includes profuse sweating especially on the back of the neck or at the hairline. Some will begin to feel extreme hunger or dizziness. Blurred vision, muscle twitching and inability to concentrate may also be experienced by people with low blood sugar. The symptoms of severe low blood sugar levels include seizures loss of consciousness and may even lead to stroke.