Effects of Marijuana on the Body

Weed. Grass. Mary Jane. Joint. Ganja. Pot. It comes in many forms and names, but the effect is generally the same. Marijuana is a stimulant drug that comes from the hemp plant, cannabis sativa. It produces its effects by mimicking the structure and taking over the function of the neurotransmitter anandamide on neurons.

Marijuana effects

The bad effects of marijuana are accounted by the fact that it inhibits the release of the gamma-aminobutyric acid neurotransmitter. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter for dopamine, regulating the production of dopamine, making sure everything is in balance. When GABA is inhibited by marijuana, dopamine is uncontrollably released in large amounts.

Dopamine stimulates the reward center of the brain. This what accounts for the high experienced by the user. This pleasant feeling makes the user want to go back to that sensation, developing dependency on cannabis.

Some of the physical effects of marijuana in the body include hunger, short-term memory loss, and disorientation of equilibrium and coordination.

Hunger is induced by binding the cannabinoid receptors in the hypothalamus, inducing pangs. The hippocampus gets compromised when tetrahydrocannabinol binds there, which interferes with memory function, resulting in short-term memory loss. THC also affects coordination and equilibrium by infiltrating the cerebellum and basal ganglia.