Urinary Incontinence In Men

Urinary incontinence is the involuntary release of urine from the urinary tract. It can be a very embarrassing as well as distressing problem most especially for the elderly. Urinary incontinence itself is not a disease. It is a condition that may be brought about as a probable symptom by problems in a person’s urinary tract.

How continence Works?

Urine is the waste product produced by the kidneys that gets stored in the urinary bladder. When it is about to be released, the urine passes through a tube called the urethra that is surrounded by muscle called the urinary sphincter. A person’s ability to retain urine (continence)in the bladder depends on several factors. It involves a balance between the force of the urethral closure and the muscles that work to try and expel urine. Of the force of the urethral closure exceeds bladder pressure, then urine can remain in the bladder. If the pressure changes- urethral pressure is lesser than the bladder pressure, then the brain sends nerve signals to the muscles that allows the urine to be expelled and released.

Causes of Incontinence

Urinary incontinence may be caused by a number of factors. It may be due to the improper function of the bladder, contracting when it shouldn’t and not contracting when it should. This would usually lead to a buildup of too much urine in the body that might cause a leakage. Urinary Incontinence may also occur when the muscles around the urethra are weakened or damaged and not being able to keep urine from being drained properly.

Types of Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is classified into different types depending on what might be causing it. This condition may either be a temporary problem or it can be a chronic worry for men. Here are the different types of urinary incontinence that bother most males, especially those advancing in their years.

Stress Incontinence– this happens usually when one engages in an activity that suddenly increase the pressure on the bladder, letting it release small amounts of urine. This usually happens due to weakness in the pelvic floor muscles. A sudden cough, sneeze, laugh and other movements that may increase intra-abdominal pressure may help lead to stress incontinence.

Urge Incontinence– this is the type of incontinence brought about by the sudden urge to urinate that one is unable to "hold it" before arriving to the toilet. This can be due to an overactive bladder when it contracts at a time when it shouldn’t. It doesn’t have to mean that the bladder has reached its capacity. Urge incontinence can happen even with a small amount of urine in the bladder.

Overflow Incontinence– this type of incontinence happens when a person’s bladder is always full that it often begins to leak urine. Weak bladder muscles or a blocked urethra may cause this type of incontinence.