Permanent Birth Control Methods

Some people, after having the family they planned would opt to have a procedure which makes them permanently infertile. For others, it is a solution to a dilapidating disease. In the United States, permanent birth control tend to be one of the most popular methods of birth control.

Vasectomy

A procedure in which a small incision is made in the upper part of a man’s scrotum. The vas deferens (the two tubes that carry sperm into the semen) are cut apart and then tied off. The incision is then stitched-off to close. Vasectomies are performed by placing the man under local anesthesia to numb the area. After having a vasectomy, the man, when he has intercourse, will still release semen, but it will be free of sperm and will not cause pregnancy.

Tubal Ligation

Also known as tubal sterilization can be a surgical or non-surgical birth control method. It sterilizes the woman by preventing the egg from traveling to the uterus. Aside from this, a tubal ligation also blocks sperm from entering the fallopian tube where fertilization normally occurs. When performing a tubal ligation, the woman is put under anesthesia and the doctor proceeds to create one or two small incisions in the abdomen. When performing tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are clipped, cut and/or cauterized. The incisions are then stitched-up.

Hysterectomy

A permanent birth-control procedure which involves surgically removing the woman’s uterus and, depending on her health condition, her ovaries as well. A woman who has undergone hysterectomy can never become pregnant. Hysterectomy is an irreversible method of birth control. It is absolute sterilization. There are two types of hysterectomy: vaginal hysterectomy and abdominal hysterectomy.

During a total abdominal hysterectomy, the doctor removes the uterus, including the cervix. During vaginal hysterectomy, the uterus is removed through the vagina and only in conditions in which the uterus is not too large The woman will need to have her legs raised up in a stirrup device throughout the procedure. This procedure is not appropriate for all women. It as advisable to perform it only if there are very pressing diseases in which only hysterectomy is the cure.