Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

UTI or the Urinary Tract Infection is a type of ascending bacterial infection in ones body affecting any part of the urinary tract or urinary system composed of two kidneys, bladder, urethra and two ureters. There are in fact two types of Urinary Tract Infection. One is called Cystitis and the other is Pyelonephritis which is much serious than the former.

Although urine is our body’s discharge it usually does not contain bacteria but merely waste, salts and some fluids. With this type of ailment the infection grows due to bacteria from somewhere which usually goes inside of our body from our sexual organs. When the bacteria get into our kidney and bladder and from there grows in our urine.

Symptoms of urinary tract infection

  • A strong, persistent urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria) or cloudy, strong-smelling urine
  • Bacteria in the urine (bacteriuria)

Risk factors

Half of all women will develop a urinary tract infection at some point during their lives. Women have a shorter urethra, which cuts down on the distance bacteria must travel to reach the bladder. Also, women who use diaphragms for birth control may be at higher risk, as are women who use spermicidal agents.

Women who are sexually active tend to have more urinary tract infections. Sexual intercourse can irritate the urethra, allowing germs to more easily travel through the urethra into the bladder.

After menopause, urinary tract infections may become more common because tissues of the vagina, urethra and the base of the bladder become thinner and more fragile due to loss of estrogen.

How it can be treated?

Treatment with this kind sickness is rather affordable and will take three to five days. It can be treated with antibiotics such as nitrofurantoin, cephalosporins and trimethoprim.