Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition characterized by an inability to focus and concentrate on certain tasks. It is a condition in which a person has trouble trying to pay attention or just sitting still. ADHD seems to occur twice in males than in females. This condition may begin in early childhood and can continue during the adult years.

Symptoms of ADHD

1. Signs of inattentive type:

  • inability to pay attention to details or a tendency to make careless errors in schoolwork or other activities
  • difficulty with sustained attention in tasks or play activities
  • apparent listening problems
  • difficulty following instructions
  • problems with organization
  • avoidance or dislike of tasks that require mental effort
  • tendency to lose things like toys, notebooks, or homework
  • distractibility
  • forgetfulness in daily activities

2. Signs of hyperactive-impulsive type:

  • fidgeting or squirming
  • difficulty remaining seated
  • excessive running or climbing
  • difficulty playing quietly
  • always seeming to be "on the go"
  • excessive talking
  • blurting out answers before hearing the full question
  • difficulty waiting for a turn or in line
  • problems with interrupting or intruding

3. combined type

Involves a combination of the other two types

Causes of ADHD

Although doctors still do not know the actual cause of ADHD, they have already some idea of how it may come about. It seems that development of ADHD may depend on genetics.

Doctors have found out that ADHD seem to be genetically inherited from one generation to another. About 75 percent of ADHD cases are caused by genetics. This condition may run in the family. Researchers believe that ADHD is caused by a complex combination of genes. But as of the present, no single gene has yet been identified that causes ADHD.

Aside from genetic factors, researchers also consider the environment as another cause factor for ADHD. The most common of such factors is exposure to alcohol, tobacco smoke and lead especially during the developmental stage of the fetus. Environmental factors account for 20 percent of ADHD cases.

Diet is seen as another factor in the development of ADHD. Studies have shown that malnutrition is associated with certain attention deficit conditions. Artificial coloring agents a s well as synthetic preservatives are also seen as possible factors in ADHD.

How to treaty ADHD?

Although there is currently no cure for ADHD, the condition can be managed successfully. This usually requires long term treatment that deals with trying to help a child learn to control his or her own behavior. Such treatments usually include family members who can help create an atmosphere at home that would help manage the disorder.

Aside from behavioral therapy, there are also some types of medication used to help aid ADHD in people. Stimulants and antidepressants are the medications usually used for treating certain symptoms of the disorder. But their use are carefully monitored especially when used to treat ADHD on kids.