Common Baby Diseases

A new baby born into this world is viewed as a bundle of joy, but you need to keep in mind that his or her body is still fragile and is very vulnerable to a variety of illnesses.  To determine if your baby is suffering from a medical condition, you need to check his or her breathing, as well as the quality of your infant’s stool, as a bulky stool can be a sign of illness for your baby.  Here are a number of diseases your baby may suffer, in which immediate health care is needed.

Cough

The most common disease in babies.  It is caused by an irritation in the nerve receptors of your baby’s bronchial tubes, trachea, and throat.  The irritation can be associated to a viral infection.  Cough is not transmitted from one to another, but it can cause disturbance of sleep among family members.

Asthma

This is a lung disorder that is developed as the air transmits to the lungs, making your baby’s air passageways narrow and difficult to breathe. 

It is caused by a variety of factors like dust, viruses, change in temperature, air pollution, foods, and sinus infections.  There is no cure for asthma, but it can be controlled.

Flu

This disease is caused by the infection of the influenza virus.  Flu affects your baby’s nose, throat, and lungs.  It can be transmitted from one person to another through coughing or sneezing.  Common symptoms include sore throat, fever, headache, cough, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.  Aspirin should not be given to babies as medication.

Polio

Also known as poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis, it is associated to the infection of poliovirus.  Polio affects the intestinal wall and can be transmitted by contaminated water and food. 

However, once the poliovirus affects the central nervous system, your baby could be at risk of paralysis or atrophy (when one or both legs become shorter than normal).  Treatment of polio depends on the signs and causes of the disorder.

Smallpox

This contagious disease is caused by infection from variola virus.  Smallpox appears as pus-filled blisters on the legs, arms, face, and other parts of the body.  Aside from the blisters, possible symptoms include cough, vomiting, reduced muscle strength, backache, convulsions, and fatigue. 

Although you can protect your child from smallpox through vaccination, this disease has no cure and can only be aided with supportive treatment such as wound care, infection control, and fluid therapy.