Understanding Aspergillosis

Aspergillosis is an allergic reaction that primarily affects your lungs or sinuses, however, it can also affect the rest of the human body. Susceptibility to this infection is dependent not on age, but on the ability of your immune system to ward off the infectious fungi called the Aspergillus fungi. This fungus thrives on plant debris and rotting vegetation, but it can also be found in air conditioning systems and the likes.

Symptoms of aspergillosis

An Aspergillus fungal infection is relatively difficult to detect; but some symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, worsening of asthma, fever and poor appetite are among the telltale signs that characterize the infection.. Severe cases of this infection may cause coughing with brown mucus or blood, blood in the urine, and lethargy.

The person infected may experience chills, shock, delirium, and blood clots. This person may also develop kidney failure, liver failure and breathing difficulties.

In this case, death is also a distinct possibility.

Complications

Aside from the possibility of death, other serious complications may also be experienced by a person who is infected with aspergillosis. For starters, bone loss and spread of infection, specifically in the facial area are among the most common serious complications that are involved in severe cases of aspergillosis.

In addition to this, massive and fatal bleeding is also a possibility that a person who is infected with aspergillosis have to contend with.

Finally, systemic infection, or the spread of the infection to other parts of your body, especially the brain, heart and kidneys, is a devastating complication that you have to watch out for.

How to treat aspergillosis?

Because there are many types of aspergillosis Infections, the drugs used to treat this infection also come in various forms.

Oral corticosteroids can be used to treat allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis;

Invasive Pulmonary aspergillosis, the most severe type of aspergillosis, may be treated through anti-fungal medications.

Finally, threading a small catheter into the artery that supplies blood to the cavity containing the fungus ball is also a popular option. Unfortunately, this doesn’t guarantee that a person who underwent the said process will no longer be susceptible to another case of aspergillosis.

How to prevent aspergillosis?

Keeping off from aspergillus would not be easy because this fungi is very common; it can be found almost anywhere. For those who have undergone transplant and chemotherapy: stay away from the most obvious sources of mold such as construction sites, compost piles and stored grain.