Understanding Candidiasis

Candidiasis is defined as a fungal infection caused by the fungi Candida. These fungi live on all surfaces of our bodies. When these fungi increase in number, they tend to cause infections, particularly in warm and moist areas.

Types of candidiasis include:

Thrush – candida infections of the mouth affects moist surfaces around the lips, inside the cheeks, and on the tongue and palate

Esophagitis – candida infections of the mouth can spread to the esophagus, causing esophagitis.

Cutaneous candidiasis – candida can cause skin infections, including diaper rash, in areas of skin that receive little ventilation and are unusually moist.

Vaginal yeast infections – not usually transmitted sexually. Women may be more susceptible if they are pregnant, have diabetes, use antibiotics or birth control pills.

Symptoms of candidiasis

Candidiasis can usually be blocked off by the skin, but wounds and cuts allow the fungi to penetrate. Recurrent yeast infections may be a sign of serious health conditions, such as diabetes, leukemia, or AIDS.

Women who have yeast infections are prone to vaginal itching and discharge. Pregnancy, menstruation, and birth control pills, as well as a weak immune system, may also contribute to yeast infections.

How to prevent candidiasis?

  • Keeping your skin clean and dry.
  • Healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition.
  • Using antibiotics only as your doctor direct
  • People with diabetes should try to keep their blood sugar under tight control.

How to treat candidiasis?

Fortunately, candidiasis can easily be treated with over-the-counter drugs. Using these drugs may clear the infections off in a week or two. Proper treatment can ease off this infection easily.

A note of caution, though, because people with weak immune systems who are infected with the Candida fungi may have a hard time to get cured from this infection. In such cases, serious medical attention is advised.