Understanding Crohn's Disease

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease of the digestive system. It is characterized by inflammation of any part of the digestive tract lining between the mouth and the anus. The disease can then spread deep into layers and layers of affected tissue. Without treatment, Crohn’s disease can become very painful and disabling and can also lead to life threatening complications.

Causes of crohn’s

The underlying cause of Crohn’s disease is not yet known. Doctors may not yet have a conclusive reason as to what causes the inflammation of parts of the digestive tract that is associated with the disease. But experts may already have a general consensus as to what might generally lead to the development of the said disease.

Medical experts believe that Crohn’s disease may be brought about as a result of the immune system function. There are times when the digestive tract may get inflamed when the immune system tries to fight off an invading microorganism. Doctors believe that certain microorganisms may have an effect in the development of Crohn’s disease by way of how the immune system reacts to it.

There is also a possibility that Crohn’s disease may be caused by heredity. There are about 20 percent of patients with the disease who also have someone in the family afflicted with the same condition. Scientists are still on the process of trying to search for certain genetic mutations that may have a role in the development of Crohn’s disease.

Symptoms of crohn’s

Many of the symptoms associated with Crohn’s disease involves problems with the digestive system. Many patients may suffer from diarrhea . The inflammation causes the affected tissues in the digestive tract to secrete water and slat in large amounts. When the colon cannot accommodate the amount of salt and water produced, patients develop diarrhea.

Abdominal cramps and pain are also common symptoms of Crohn’s disease. The inflamed tissue caused by the disease may also sometimes bleed as a result of food passing through the digestive system. This would lead to some patients experiencing having blood in their stool. Other symptoms associated with the disease include ulcers, weight loss , fever, and fatigue.

How crohn’s is diagnosed?

Diagnosis of the disease often requires taking a number of tests. How effective the tests will be would depend on which part of the digestive tract the disease may be affecting.

A colonoscopy may help diagnose the disease of the inflammation may show up on the colon and other parts of the small intestine.

But the same may not be as effective when the disease is affecting potions of the small bowel. Other tests would include specialized x-rays, CT scans, barium enema as well as blood tests.

How to treat crohn’s?

Treatment of Crohn’s disease involves trying to control the inflammation that triggers the symptoms. The use of anti-inflammatory drugs is usually common depending on certain circumstances. Other possible treatments include the use of antibiotics, immuno-suppressant drugs as well as surgery for more severe cases.