Understanding Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a type of learning disability that is characterized mainly by a person having great difficulty with written language in terms of reading and spelling. Although dyslexia may be a result of certain differences in neurological processes, it seems not to affect the intellectual capacity of individuals. Dyslexia has been found on people of varying intelligence levels.

Causes of dyslexia

The underlying causes of dyslexia are known to be based on brain functions and processes that affect the ability to read written language. There are people who are of average or even above average intelligence that may suffer from dyslexia characterized by lower than expected reading comprehension and ability.

The fact that dyslexia also runs in the family may hint that the condition may also be caused be certain genetic factors not yet fully known to researchers.

Symptoms of dyslexia

Early onset of dyslexia in children can only be recognized after a child enters school. Early clues that may connect children having dyslexia include learning to talk late, difficulty in rhyming words or having difficulties adding up new vocabulary.

Children at school with dyslexia may show inability to recognize words or letters on a printed page and a below than normal reading ability for his or her age level.

Symptoms of dyslexia may extend to trouble writing correct word spellings, poor word comprehension and identification as well as difficulty in pronouncing words.

How dyslexia is diagnosed?

Diagnosing dyslexia can take a combination of evaluating medical, cognitive, sensory and psychological processes and factors. Doctors may also look into family medical history as well as a child’s stages of development.

Diagnosis of this condition may require taking sensory tests that may affect vision and hearing, psychological tests as well as tests that will help determine one’s reading and writing skills.

How to treat dyslexia?

There is yet no known single means to effectively treat dyslexia. Since it is caused by an underlying brain malfunction not yet fully known to doctors, no medical treatment is yet available. What available treatment there is aim to help people cope up with this learning disability.

Common dyslexia treatment includes remedial education specifically aimed to help people cope up with the condition. Better learning may be provided through a multi-sensory approach such as aiding people with dyslexia by using audio tapes for lessons instead of reading materials.