Understanding Ovarian Cancer

There are many types of cancer that plague women. Among these, it is ovarian cancer that ranks as the eighth most common type.

What is ovarian cancer?

Ovarian cancer occurs inside the female reproductive organs. It specifically starts with the growth of malignant, abnormal cells in one or both of a woman’s ovaries. These abnormal cells accumulate inside the female reproductive organ. They divide and grow until they form a mass commonly referred to as a tumor.

Ovarian cancer commonly originates in the epithelial cells of a woman’s ovaries. The epithelial cells are what we may call the surface cells. It may also begin in the germ cells (the reproductive cells) or the stromal cells (the supporting cells). However, such is a remote possibility.

Causes of ovarian cancer

The exact cause of ovarian cancer is yet to be determined, but according to research, a woman who has a family history of ovarian cancer may be at risk of developing this type of cancer as well.

Having endimetriosis is also said to increase the susceptibility to ovarian cancer. Meanwhile, ovarian cancer is said to be less probable to women who use contraceptive pills and mothers who have breastfed their children.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer

Most cancers sneak up on their victims. Contrary to this, ovarian cancer has certain telltale signs that signals the possibility of a positive diagnosis, such as:

heavy feeling in the pelvis;
pain in the lower abdomen;
abnormal menstrual periods;
significant weight gain or weight loss;
unexplained back pain;
vomiting, nausea, or loss of appetite

How to treat ovarian cancer?

The primary treatment used for patients with ovarian cancer is chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is the most effective means to kill cancer cells. Meanwhile, a variety of ways to prevent this type of cancer is still being studied by the experts in the medical field.