What Causes Infertility?

Together, the male and the female reproductive systems can create a wonderful miracle that is called life. This can happen if both can function optimally. Unfortunately, certain health conditions may keep the reproductive systems from functioning properly. Thus, infertility issues set in.

Infertility, or sterility, is the biological inability of either or both partners in an intimate relationship to contribute to the conception of a baby. It is basically the result of hormonal messages that are not precisely timed. However, this is not the sole factor that leads to infertility. Chronic health conditions may also threaten the role of the male and the female reproductive systems.

Here are the chronic health conditions that may induce infertility among men and women:

Diabetes Mellitus, often referred to simply as diabetes, is a hereditary and environmental syndrome that results in abnormal levels of blood sugar. There are basically two types of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is also called the insulin-dependent diabetes. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood. This type of diabetes may cause the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas to destroy the autoantibodies. This process, in return, may attack the endocrine organs, including the ovaries of diabetic women. Thus, the depletion of a diabetic woman’s egg cells and an early menopausal stage

Type 2 diabetes is sometimes referred to as the adult-onset diabetes. It is inherently linked to obesity and insulin resistance,both of which may cause infertility to diabetic women. On the other hand, diabetic men with uncontrolled blood sugar may experience retrograde ejaculation, wherein the semen that is supposed to be ejaculated through the penis and into the female reproductive tract enters the bladder instead.

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition that is characterized by an elevated blood pressure. It may be classified as either primary or secondary. No direct relationship between hypertension and infertility has yet been found. However, research suggests that the impact of the medication taken in by hypertensive individuals may thwart the ability of his or her reproductive organs to perform well.

Meanwhile, an uncontrolled blood pressure, particularly among pregnant women, may cause the blood vessels in the uterus to constrict, causing shock, heavy bleeding, convulsions, and comatose.

Thyroid diseases such as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid glands) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid glands) can fluctuate the ovulation cycles of women to the extent of causing infertility. Same as with diabetes, thyroid diseases may also lead to the growth of antibodies that attack the ovaries.

The last on the list is a blood-related disorder called Anemia. Anemia is defined as a medical condition where the number of healthy red blood cells are unusually low. It usually results in disrupted ovulation or heavy bleeding, both of which contributes to infertility issues among anemic women.

Managing infertility issues is a challenge to most couples. That is why it is imperative to start living a healthy lifestyle, not only to veer away from chronic diseases that may affect conception, but also to control the diseases for early intervention.