What to Expect as You Get Older

Growing old seems just a natural progression in life. People expect it to happen. But what most people don’t expect is what happens to their bodies when they grow old. There are certain changes that happen in our bodies as they experience the effects of aging. Here are some of the things that usually happen as a part of the aging process.

Cardiovascular Function

As people age, so does the heart function. The heart muscles begin to function less efficiently, making it work harder in order to pump the same amount of blood throughout the body. Aside from that, the blood vessels where the blood travels through begins to harden and may also have fatty deposits slowly making them narrower. This combination can further make it harder for your heart to pump blood, resulting in high blood pressure.

Vision and Hearing

Aging can cause the eyes to gradually lessen some of its functions. For one, the eyes start to produce less tears. The retina starts to thin out and the lenses become less clear, affecting vision. This also leads to the eyes having difficulties focusing and adapting to changing levels of light. Other eye conditions such as glaucoma and cataracts begin to develop and further affect vision.

Aging and years of noise abuse can lead the ears to lose some of its sensory cells. The auditory canals begin to thin out and the eardrums begin to thicken, making it become less sensitive to sound frequencies. All these can eventually affect the way older people hear.

Musculoskeletal System

Aging also brings a stop to bones growing. This usually happens between ages 25 to 35 years when the bones are able to reach its maximum mass. Gradually afterwards, the bones begin to become fragile and decrease in terms of bone size and density. Age also brings your muscles to lose some of its flexibility and strength.

Central Nervous System

Aging also affects the body’s nervous system, particularly the brain. Up to a certain point, the adult human body starts to experience a decrease in its ability to produce brain cells or neurons. This results in a decreasing number of neurons in the brain with advancing age.

With the decreasing neurons in the brain, the number of connections between them increases to compensate and maintain brain function. But the general result would be a slower brain function that can lead to slower reflexes and problems with balance and body coordination.