Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy

Periconception is the time period around conception. It is also a crucial period to increase your chances of getting pregnant and to improve your pregnancy outcome. Here are some guidelines that may help you if you are planning to have a baby:

What to do 3 months before conception?

Check your general and reproductive health three months prior to your conception. You must find a good and credible MFM (maternal-fetal medicine) specialist or obstetrician now. Do it now while your pregnancy is not yet confirmed. See a doctor to review your occupational history to assess occupational hazards.

You need to undergo cervical and vaginal smear examination to screen sexually transmitted disorders/ infections. Blood tests can screen you for HIV, anemia, rubella, as well as prior exposure to herpes, parvovirus, toxoplasma, and cytomegalovirus. Get vaccination for rubella if you are not immune and encourage your partner to have his sperm analyzed to check his fertility. Do additional tests if needed.

In addition, start taking periconceptional multivitamin supplements, especially folic acid supplements. You and your partner should begin having a healthy diet and regular moderate exercise. Both of you should stay away from any hazard and ask him to keep his testes "cool" to maintain healthy sperm.

What to do during the 3 months leading up to your pregnancy?

In this period, you should strive to have an optimal BMI (body mass index). Avoid alcohol, smoking (active or passive), and unnecessary or prohibited drugs. Moderate your intake of caffeine by limiting coffee to 1 to 2 cups daily.

Monitor your menstrual cycle and measure your basal body temperatures. This is to detect hormonal dysfunction (and if necessary, treatment) and to determine the optimal day to have sexual intercourse and achieve conception. You should continue taking periconceptional multivitamin supplements and continue doing moderate physical activities. Lastly, see your dentist to check your dental status.

What to do in early pregnancy?

You should call your doctor for further examinations or treatments if determined pregnant and have early pregnancy confirmation. If necessary, have blood hCG measurements. In this period, It is vital to take postconceptional multivitamin supplements and avoid teratogenic (such as chemicals, drugs, infections, and radiation) and other risks. Have an early ultrasound to evaluate your pregnancy