What Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder is a mental disorder that is mainly characterized by a pervasive sense of grandiosity and an inflated sense of one’s own importance. An individual with such a disorder usually think of themselves as superior to others and usually have little regard for other people’s feelings.

Causes of narcissistic personality disorder

As with other forms of mental disorders, the main cause of narcissistic personality disorder is not yet known although it may be believed to be very complex. Some researchers have attributed the disorder to links with a dysfunctional upbringing characterized by too much pampering, excessive admiration, overly high expectations and even severe abuse or neglect. There are also those who believe that the disorder may have genetic links or even psychobiological reasons.

Symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder

People with this disorder usually display narcissistic tendencies and symptoms. They normally believe that they are better than the others. People with such disorders can be seen usually fantasizing about their attractiveness as well as power and success. They are prone to exaggerate about their own talents and achievements. In doing so, they also try to recognize other people’s feelings and emotions, leading them to easily take advantage of others.

People with narcissistic personality disorders also have a fragile self-esteem and would become too overly sensitive when being criticized. Most of the symptoms displayed may also be similar to those displayed by people with strong self-esteem and confidence. But the disorder may display such symptoms to the point of being over the edge.

How narcissistic personality disorder is diagnosed?

Determining if a person has a narcissistic personality disorder is usually based on the signs and symptoms being displayed. This might include having a thorough psychological evaluation. Doctors follow a certain criteria as specified the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or DSM. This is a manual used by mental health professionals in order to diagnose certain mental conditions.

How to treat narcissistic personality disorder?

Psychotherapy is the primary means of treatment for narcissistic personality disorder. And since a person’s personality is usually difficult to change, the treatment can take several years. There is usually no medication used to treat this disorder except in cases where symptoms such as anxiety and depression may also be developing in the patient.