First Aid for Black Eye

Black eyes are caused by bleeding of the skin around the eye. In most cases, black eye injuries are not serious that, like any minor injury, will fade and disappear with time. However, black eyes sometimes indicate a more serious injury (in severe cases, skull fractures). It can also result in hyphema, or bleeding within the eye can reduce your vision and damage your cornea. So if you or someone you know has a black eye, do not take it for granted. The following tips may help you treat black eye.

Apply ice

The application of ice can help minimize swelling and pain. It constricts blood vessels, decreases fluid accumulation, and cools and numbs the affected area. Apply ice for about 20 minutes per hour while you are awake. Do this of the first 24 hours. You should not apply ice directly to the injury. In addition, you can avoid cold injury to the area by using a commercial ice pack or wrapping the ice in a cloth. You can use alternative ice packs like frozen vegetables wrapped in a cloth.

When to seek emergency medical help

Call 911 or any emergency number immediately if the person exhibits any of the following signs and symptoms: confusion, severe headache, severe pain, inability to move the eye, two black eyes, and vertigo or dizziness. Call a doctor right away if the person loses consciousness, loses sight or has blurred vision, or bleeding from the eyeball. Watch out also for clear fluid or blood running from the ears or the nose.

Black eye treatment myth

According to some uninformed individuals, putting a piece or raw meat or a steak on your black eye will result in fast healing. Do not do such thing as there are no scientific claims that support the effectiveness of this remedy. In fact, putting a potentially bacteria-laden raw meat on an open skin injury or a mucous membrane can be dangerous. It can potentially cause a bacterial infection (for example, E coli).