First Aid for Cuts and Bruises

A day in a child’s life is filled with rolling, running, jumping, and other fun physical activities that keep him or her always on the go from sunup to sundown. But the fun is sometimes dampened by simple cuts and bruises. Fortunately, such minor injuries do not require an emergency treatment as they can be managed with simple at-home first aid interventions. The following tips can help you handle minor cuts and bruises:

Stop the bleeding

The first thing to do is to stop the bleeding. Minor cuts and bruises stop the bleeding usually on their own. There are times, however, that they do not. In this case, apply gentle pressure using a bandage or clean cloth. Hold it constantly for about 20 to 30 minutes.

Avoid checking every now and then if the bleeding has stopped. This may dislodge or damage the fresh clot formed and may cause further bleeding. Call a doctor if the bleeding does not stop even after continuous pressure.

Clean the cut or bruise thoroughly

Cleaning the wound thoroughly minimizes the risk of tetanus and other infections. Rinse it out with clean water. Soap can cause discomfort so do not apply it directly to the wound. If particles remain in the cut or bruise even after washing, use tweezers sanitized with alcohol to get rid of debris or dirt. There is no need to apply an iodine-containing cleanser or hydrogen peroxide.

Apply an antibiotic ointment or cream

After cleaning the cut or bruise, apply an antibiotic ointment or cream like Polysporin or Neosporin to help moisten the surface. Although the products do not heal the wound faster, they can avert infection and enable the body’s natural mechanism to heal the cut or bruise more efficiently.

Cover the wound

A bandage or a clean cloth can help keep the cut or bruise clean and lower the risk of bacterial infection. After it has healed long enough to make any infection unlikely, expose the wound to the air. This will speed up wound healing.