First-Aid Kit

What Your First-Aid Basic Supplies? 

A first-aid kit should contain more than just a few bandages. Remember, lives can be saved if you respond quickly and efficiently to a situation. But to be able to do that, you should be equipped with a well-stocked first-aid kit.

Keep at least one in your home, and one in your car. Stash them in easy-to-retrieve locations that are out of reach of kids. Older kids who understand the purpose of first-aid kits should know where they are kept.

First-aid kits are available at many drugstores. You can also put together your own. A first-aid kit should contain:

Basic items

  • Adhesive tape
  • Aluminum finger splints
  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Antiseptic solution or towelettes
  • Bandages, including a roll of elastic wrap and bandage strips in various sizes
  • Instant cold packs
  • Cotton balls and cotton-tipped swabs
  • At least two pairs of disposable latex or synthetic gloves
  • Gauze pads and roller gauze in different sizes
  • Eye goggles
  • First-aid manual
  • Petroleum jelly or other lubricant
  • Plastic bags for the disposal of infected materials
  • Safety pins in different sizes
  • Save-A-Tooth storage device containing salt solution and a travel case
  • Scissors, tweezers and a needle
  • Soap or instant hand sanitizer
  • Sterile eyewash, such as a saline solution
  • Thermometer
  • Triangular bandage
  • Turkey baster or another bulb suction device for flushing out wounds.

Medications

Your first-aid kit should contain the following medications:

  • Activated charcoal (to be used only if the poison control center instructs you to.)
  • Anti-diarrhea medication
  • Over-the-counter oral antihistamine
  • Aspirin and nonaspirin pain relievers (never give aspirin to children)
  • Calamine lotion
  • Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream
  • Personal medications
  • Prescription drugs to treat an allergic attack, such as an auto-injector of epinephrine
  • Syringe, medicine cup or spoon

Emergency items

  • First-aid instruction manual
  • Cell phone and charger that you can use with the accessory plug in your car dashboard
  • Emergency phone numbers including contact information for your local emergency services, your family doctor and your kids’ pediatrician, emergency road service providers, and the regional poison control center
  • Waterproof flashlight and extra batteries
  • Candles and matches
  • Sunscreen
  • Mylar emergency blanket

Check your first-aid kit regularly

Check your supplies at least every 3 months to make sure the batteries are still working and to replace supplies such as medications that have expired.

You can also take a first-aid course to prepare you for possible medical emergencies. The course should cover cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and how to use an automatic external defibrillator (AED).

You should also prepare kids for medical emergencies. The American Red Cross provides several helpful resources that are designed to help children understand and perform first-aid techniques.

Source: MayoClinic