Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is considered as the most common hormonal disorder affecting many women of reproductive age. Its name was derived from the development of numerous small cysts that form on the outer edge of each ovary.

PCOS Causes

The exact cause of PCOS is so far not yet known by medical experts. But they have identified several factors that may play a role in the said condition. One of them is the excess insulin in the body. Insulin is a compound that allows cells to use glucose as their primary source of energy.

But there are times that women may develop insulin resistance which can impair the body’s ability to use insulin. The excess insulin is believed by experts to boost androgen production by the ovaries that may then lead to PCOS. Heredity may also play a part in some women eventually developing PCOS.

PCOS Symptoms

PCOS in women may show symptoms and signs that usually appear after they start having periods. At some times, the symptoms may appear in women as a result of weight gain. Some of the more common signs include abnormalities in the woman’s menstrual cycle which tend to become irregular. Some may also show elevated levels of the male hormone called androgens which can further show physical signs such as excess facial hair or baldness.

Probably the most common sign of PCOS will be the enlarged ovaries that may contain several small cysts detectable by ultrasound. There are also other conditions that may be associated with PCOS. Among them is infertility, obesity and diabetes.

PCOS Treatment

Primary treatment for PCOS deals with focusing on conditions associated with the disorder such as infertility and obesity. Proper treatment includes having regular checkups to monitor the condition. Women with PCOS are also obliged to change or adjust lifestyle habits in order control weight or to deal with insulin resistance.